Career Life Education Interview

These are my three main takeaways from my interview with a physiotherapist:

  1. The most important skill you need to become a physiotherapist is to have very good interpersonal skills. You have to really be able to connect with your patients.
  2. There are many different routes you can go in physiotherapy alone. For example, you can go into pediatric physio, neurological physio, sports-recovery, and so much more! There is also the chance to take on management/leadership roles within the clinic.
  3. It can be very hard to get into physiotherapy programs. It is important that even if you do not get accepted the first time to not give up. Many of the physiotherapist’s best classmates got in after multiple attempts.

Introducing Kathrine Switzer

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“Life is for participating, not spectating.”

– Kathrine Switzer

Kathrine Switzer is an author and avid runner who changed the world of women’s sports forever. Switzer was born on January 5th, 1947 in Amberg, Germany and moved to the County of Fairfax, Virginia in 1949. As a teenager, Switzer was busy playing basketball, field hockey, and by running. After transferring to Syracuse University in 1967, she joined the men’s cross-country team as there was no team for women and eventually worked her way up to running at least ten miles a night. Inspired by the stories told by her coach, Arnie Briggs, Kathrine decided she wanted to run the Boston Marathon. At first, Briggs had doubts as women were perceived as too fragile to run long distance, but he knew that knew “If any woman could do it, [Switzer] could”.

Kathrine registered for the marathon under the name ‘K. V Switzer’, gender-neutral so no one would question she was a girl. Arnie, Kathrine’s boyfriend Tom Miller, and her teammate John Leonard also registered to run with her.

At the fourth mile of the marathon, race official, Jock Semple grabbed Kathrine’s shoulder and tried to rip of her race bib yelling at her to “Get the hell out of [his] race and give [him] those numbers!”. Shaken but determined to continue, Kathrine tried to run away from him. Semple would not give up which provoked Tom to body-check him. Tom blamed Kathrine for his actions, saying this would ruin his chances of getting into the Olympics for hammer-throwing. He belittled her for being too weak and slow before running off.

A devastated Kathrine wanted to quit but knew doing so would only mean those rooting for her to fail would win. Kathrine, Arnie, and John all finished the Boston Marathon with a time of four hours and twenty minutes. She had done it; Kathrine Switzer became the first woman to officially run the Boston Marathon. She proved to the world that women were just as capable as men and opened the door for women everywhere to follow in her footsteps!

And the icing on top? Kathrine finished the race half an hour before Tom.

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Kathrine Switzer, without a doubt, has left a ding in the universe. She fought the sexist stereotypes and proved to the world that women partaking in vigorous exercise could result in them turning into men. She inspired women of all ages to lace up their running shoes and show the world what they could do. She is still inspiring female athletes to this day, almost fifty-two years after her first of thirty-nine marathons. There is no doubt in my mind that her legacy will cease to amazing generations of athletes to come.

As a female athlete myself, I was drawn to Switzer for her courage and dive to show the world women were just as capable as men. Fencing, my sport, leans towards being more male-dominated; I often find myself competing in men’s evens as there aren’t enough women to run a girls-only event. I can relate to Kathrine as I know how frustrating it can be when you are surrounded by mostly men in your sport, and how you feel obligated to prove you are as strong as them, even when the only person telling you that you need to is yourself. I believe that we share the passion and determination to excel in our sports and to prove those who say we can’t wrong.

I cannot wait to continue learning about this incredible woman and hope I do her justice through eminent. My goal for the next step of research is to watch interviews of Switzer and to read her book so I can get an insight into her personality and personal story.




Job Comparisons

  Physiotherapist Architect Veterinarian
Education – Master’s Degree in Physio Therapy

– Undergraduate Degree

– Completion of physiotherapy national exam

– ≈ 7 years

– Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree in Architecture

– Apprenticeship

– ≈ 5 years

– Two years of Pre-Veterinary study

– Four years of courses in Veterinary Medicine (Five years if you are in Quebec)

– ≈ 6-7 years

Yearly Salary Average ≈ $73, 200

Entry Level ≈ $31, 700

Experienced ≈ $102, 100

Average ≈ $80, 500

Entry Level ≈ $37, 000

Experienced ≈ $138, 700

Average ≈ $79, 000

Entry Level ≈ $24, 250

Experienced ≈ $108, 300

Tasks – Help patients recover from injuries, surgeries, etc.

– Create a treatment plan

– Take care of office duties such as answering phone calls, taking appointments, keeping eqiptment in stalk, cleaning the therapy area, etc.

– Meet with clients

– Estimate building costs

– Draw up designs

– Visit construction sites

– Present designs at public hearings

– Do check-ups/physicals on animals

– Give vaccines

– Treat injuries

– Spay/neuter pets

– Speak with owners

Job Market It is estimated the demand for PTs in BC will increase. It is estimated that the employment of architects will increase by around 8% between 2018 and 2028. It is expected that the employment of veterinarians will increase greatly in coming years.
Hours ≈ 37-40 hours a week

(possibly weekends and evenings, especially when a junior PT or PTA)

≈ 50 hours a week

It is hard to estimate since architects often must work overtime to meet their deadlines.

≈ 50-60 hours a week

Vets often have to work weekends and evenings as pet emergencies can happen at any time.

Interpersonal Relationships – Good communication is essential between PT, team, and patient.

– Develop trust with patient.

– Public speaking is important to present and share plans.

– Must be able to discuss and explain drawings and plans.

– Good communications between pet owners and other vets

– Able to have good relationships with the pets


The Election of 1800 : HamilTALONS Document of Learning

A. Character Development


The song “The Election of 1800” is the 42nd song of Lin-Manuel Miranda’s award-winning musical Hamilton, between “It’s Quiet Uptown” and “Your Obedient Servant”. It follows the dramatic events leading up to and during the United States’ seventh presidential election. It focuses primarily on the campaigns of Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr, the two candidates most likely to win, as John Adams isn’t well liked during this time. The public continuously pressured Alexander Hamilton into sharing his opinion, however Hamilton is still grieving the loss of his son and wants to stay out of the eyes of the public.

The long, grueling process of campaigning has taken a toll on the candidates, especially on Burr who has taken a more involved approach to his campaign. When all the votes have been submitted, Jefferson and Burr emerge tied. When the outcome of the election is ultimately placed in Hamilton’s hands, he must make the decision to speak up. Due to him not having a particular fondness for either candidate, Hamilton has to make the difficult decision to promote Jefferson, as he believes Burr only cares about himself.

This endorsement puts the final nail in the coffin of Hamiton and Burr’s already shaky relationship, and the effects are clearly displayed in the next song, “Your Obedient Servant”.

Jefferson is surprised by Hamilton’s decision to promote him, but utterly relieved. That is until Burr approaches him. Burr congratulates Jefferson on his win and states he is looking forward to working with him as his vice president, as up until this point, the runner-up would assume that position. Jefferson, not thrilled to be working with his previous competition, and essentially tells Burr to get lost. Jefferson further rubs his victory in by saying he can change the rules; he is the president after all.


  • Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson wants to become president after being the vice-president for the past four years. After receiving advice from James Madison, Jefferson realises he would greatly benefit from the support of Hamilton. However, he is afraid his argumentative past with him has ruined his chances at this.

  • Aaron Burr

Aaron Burr is driven by his drive to become the president. It seems as though the ideals behind his political campaign are in stark contrast with the “talk less, smile more” and “lying in wait” attitude he has taken throughout the previous course of the narrative. He has learned that his previous philosophy hasn’t worked out for him, and takes a more Hamiton-esque approach to his campaign.

  • Alexander Hamilton

During most of “The Election of 1800”, Hamilton is still struggling to cope with his son Philp’s death. He wants to be left alone by the press, who keep pressuring him to pick a side. When he finally does, he must make the decision between two of his political rivals, and ultimately chooses Jefferson. It is clear his is fearful in having a leader who has ‘no beliefs’ and is so secretive of his motives and opinions.  

B. Connections to Historical Elements

Historical Events and Ideas

  • The Election of 1800

The election that took place in 1800 was just as wild, if not more, as is described in the song. In fact, many of the issues that arose during this election caused the rules surrounding presidential elections to be revised for the following election in 1804 with the 12th Amendment (see below). When Jefferson and Burr both received 73 votes each (John Adams receiving 65, Thomas Pinckney receiving 64, and Jon Jay [who was not actually running] receiving 1), the House of Representatives were to make the tie breaking decision. They were unable to reach a consensus for a long time. Eventually, things began to look like Burr would be the winner, however Hailton’s endorsement came right before the vote and helped secure Jefferson’s spot as president.   

  • The 12th Amendment

Up until the Election of 1800, each of 138 members of the Electoral College would cast two votes. The candidate who received the most votes would become the president, and the runner-up would become the vice president. However, the voters could not specify which candidate they wanted for vice president, and which they wanted for vice president. This quickly became an issue as more political views began to surface, resulting in politicians who were just campaigning against each other now having to work alongside one another to run a country. The 12th Amendment allowed there to be separate elections for president and vice president which helped to decrease the previous issue.

  • The Burr-Hamilton Duel

I will not be going into too much detail with this as it isn’t explicitly mentioned in “The Election of 1800”, but it is important to touch on this subject. Hamitlon’s decision to endorse Jefferson, “a man he’s despised since the beginning” (Burr in “Your Obedient Servant”) is seen as an act of betrayal by Burr. This moment is what pushed Burr over the edge and pathed the way for their duel to come.

Socials Curriculum (Big Idea)

  • Disparities in power alter the balance between individuals and between societies.

It can be seen through “The Election of 1800” that preexisting influence can have a big impact on current situations. Hamilton was well respected before the Reynolds Pamphlet was published, and his influence carried even through the scandal. His position of leadership was essentially the deciding factor of the election’s outcome.

We can also see disparities in power through the way votes were submitted. There were only 138 members of the Electoral College; only 138 decisions for a whole population. It is impossible to deny that the outcome could have been much different if only every American citizen had the ability to vote. This is still an issue that is being dealt with today, for example when it comes to felons and ex-felons in the United States; who should be allowed to vote and make decisions for us?

C. Thematic and Personal Connections


I like that Aaron Burr!

I can’t believe we’re here with him!

He seems approachable?

Like you could grab a beer with him!

The American Revolution was in many ways about getting away from the monarchy and having a say in the leaders of the country. The people could now choose who they wanted as president, and had the power to take their power away if they began to abuse it.

Now that there were elections, there had to be campaigning. Aaron Burr is often referred to as the ‘father of political campaigning’. Not only was he running as candidate that people could choose to vote for, he was making an effort to get to go out and mingle with regular people and to hear their concerns.

America was making a shift from absolute monarchy, to regular people getting a chance to lead, and an opinion on who should or shouldn’t be running the country.


[James Madison]

Hamilton’s on your side!


Without a king, people had the freedom to express their own political views. Though this was a good thing, it also caused more conflict between multiple parties within the same country. The fighting between these different groups was something new the young nation never had to deal with while under King George’s rule.

However, these different parties had to learn to put their differences aside when necessary, for example Hamilton, a Federalist, having to choose between two Democratic Republicans.

The American Revolution gave people more freedom, but also put more responsibility on their shoulders to make sacrifices and do what was right for the group as a whole.


[Aaron Burr]

It’s 1800; Ladies,

Tell your husbands, vote for Burr!

The American Revolution allowed for the disenfranchised to stand up for their rights. One of the most notable was that women were starting to fight for their equal treatment. Though this line may not seem like the most feminist thing to say, but it was definatly an improvement for the time. Since women weren’t allowed to vote in America until 1920, Burr suggesting they give their political opinions to their husbands was unheard of.

The American Revolution was not only an oppressed group of people fighting against their oppressors, it was the minorities of that oppressed group finding their voices too.


Independent Investigation: Canada 1605-1763

To what extent did the Fur Trade effect the Canadian ecosystem?

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Historical Significance :

Canada’s history can beautiful and complex, however many events tend to be looked over or brushed off as insignificant. Take the Canadian Fur Trade; this unique trading opportunity provided a young nation with economic support and paved the way for the Canada we know today. While many praise the Fur Trade as a pivotal time in our history, it is important we can analyze and critique it from multiple points of view.

Yes, the Canadian Fur Trade helped build the Canadian economy, established relationships with the Indigenous peoples, and provided and incentive to explore the rest of Canada, many forget the negative effects this industry caused.


Image result for 1600s beaver hats

Cause and Consequence :

Undoubtably, the most evident effect the fur trade was the rapid decrease in the population of many animals native to Canada and essential to our delicate ecosystem; most importantly, the beaver. Its thick, luscious pelts were highly sought after in Europe in the form of hats and other garments. Beaver fur was all the rage in Europe during that time, and the Canadian fur traders decided to take full advantage of that. Hundreds of thousands of beavers were trapped and killed for their desirable pelts, resulting in massive population decreases. The once prosperous population of these animals began to drop at an alarming rate. This trend would continue well into the 19th century where the beaver became endangered and faced the risk of extinction. As the popularity of beaver fur decreased, so did the amount of beavers being killed. Slowly, the beaver population began to grow, and we no longer have to worry about our beavers going extinct anytime soon.

Not only did the new Europeans effect the wildlife, they effected the Indigenous peoples who have lived here for centuries before them. Some were good, such as forming alliances and evolving in trade, but others were very negative. By introducing guns, some Indigenous groups gained the upper hand when it came to conflict between different groups. The Europeans brought over many foreign diseases that the Indigenous people had never been exposed to, resulting in an epidemic of smallpox, measles, and more throughout Indigenous communities.


Image result for canadian  trade

Continuity and Change :

There are many similarities that can be found between the 17th and 18th centuries and our current day and age. The most notable, in this context at least, would be the fact our economy is heavily reliant on international trade, specifically of our natural resources. Early French settlers had strong trading relationships with their Indigenous neighbours and also European countries. Today, our trade has shifted from delectable furs to other natural resources and energy sources.

Though our predominant trading goods have changed throughout the years, the idea has stayed the same. We can share our natural resources that we have an abundance of, but that others don’t have access to.

Social Studies Inquiry Process :

In conclusion, the Canadian Fur Trade truly helped build our nation, but not without detrimental effects on our ecosystem. So many people and animals died for things they had no control over; that is a heavy burden we have to accept when analyzing our past. It is important we learn from our past, and make sure sustainability comes before profit so that we never have to face the risk of throwing our delicate ecosystem out of balance.

Sources :

Foster J. E., Eccles W. J. (September 19, 2016). The Canadian Encyclopedia: The Fur Trade. Retrieved from

The Association for the Protection of Fur-Bearing Animals. (n.d.). Beavers and the Fur Trade. Retrieved from

Herscovichi A. (June 29, 2017). The Country that Fur Built: Canada’s Fur Trade History. Retrieved from

Brown J. S. H. (August 19, 2015). The Canadian Encyclopedia: Beaver Pelts. Retrieved from


Ecological Footprint Reflection

The Plan

> After completing the ecological footprint chart, I calculated that my footprint is 9.012 hectares.

> Unfortunately, my ecological footprint is higher than many other students in the class. While most of theirs are between 6-8 hectares, mine was 9. I am disappointed that my ecological footprint is on the higher side, but I am excited to try and live more sustainably!

> The ten actions that increase my ecological footprint the most are…

  1. Taking showers that last too long, especially when I wash my hair.
  2. I have many extra-curriculars that are too far to walk/ride a bike to, especially with the equipment I need to bring. It would be very difficult to walk 10km with my fencing bag!
  3. I don’t know all that many local bus routes.
  4. I am a meat-eater.
  5. I do not have very many second-hand clothes.
  6. Sometimes, I don’t think about what I throw in the laundry hamper. I assume not everything that ends up in there actually needs to be washed.
  7. We buy some pre-packaged food.
  8. I do not grow my own food.
  9. I enjoy going on the occasional shopping trip!
  10. My family is pretty small, only my parents, my dog, and myself, however we have a pretty large house (I doubt I will be able to change while trying to decrease my ecological footprint over the next moth though!)

> To decrease my ecological footprint, I will try to…

  1. Take quicker showers.

> Not only is this important to save water, it will free up some of my time! Since I really enjoy listening to music while I shower, I can put around five to ten minutes worth of music on and make sure I am done showering by the time the songs end.

  1. Learn new bus routes and take public transit more often.

> I actually really enjoy taking public transit, but never really took the time to learn local routes. The pollution created by cars is a big problem. By taking the bus, even just a few times a week, I know that I am helping to decrease the amount of pollution. Even if it is not a big change, everything helps. To find my way around, I used Google Maps, and asked for help from my parents and friends who take similar bus routes.

  1. Find carpools for when I cannot transit.

> As I mentioned earlier, the pollutions cars create is a large issue, and carpooling can help cut down on that. I am lucky; my mom works at Eagle Ridge Hospital which is very close to Gleneagle. This means that we both get to were we need to be in one car ride! She drops me off at school before continuing on to work. I have also started to carpool with school friends who live close to me, as well as begun carpooling with kids on my swim team.

  1. Decrease the amount of meat I eat.

> I have always been interested in going vegetarian, but I have never really been able to. Though I still eat meat, I am trying more vegetarian and vegan recipes out with my family. This is important as the livestock industry creates a lot of greenhouse gas pollution.

  1. Be mindful of what I throw in the laundry and re-wear more articles of clothing.

> By decreasing the amount of times clothing is washed, you save water and prolong the life of the clothing. Before throwing anything in the laundry, I will make sure that it actually needs to be washed. Anything that is still wearable can be set aside to wear again.


The Reflection

> I found it quite easy to cut down on my shower time and the amount of clothing I put in the wash. They did not require much change in my day-to-day life and only required for me to be more conscious. Carpooling and taking public transit was also pretty easy as it was enjoyable once I got used to it.

> The most difficult thing for me to change was trying to eat less meat. Since I do not always cook meals, it was tricky to get my parents on board. It was also difficult when going to my grandparent’s house for dinner, since their meals consist primarily of meat and potatoes.

> Some of the obstacles I encountered were trying to find vegetarian recipes, trying to learn bus routes without getting lost, and trying to find people to carpool with.

> In the future, I will try and keep up with the habits I worked on this past month. I also want to try and buy in bulk and shop second hand whenever I can.

In-Depth Blog Post #6

I can’t believe that In-Depth 2019 is coming to an end! This has been such an amazing experience; I have learned so much and really grown as a runner and athlete. I know so much more about training, injury prevention, shoe fitting, and more, and am excited to get to share my knowledge.

9 – Some of the recent areas covered in my mentor meetings have been continuing to increase the distance, working on good pacing, having a positive attitude, and preparing for the actual races.

10 – The most notable time offered alternates by my mentor was when I was getting fit for my new pair of shoes. She brought out multiple pairs and had me try each on and test them by walking around the store. After each pair I tried, we would discuss how they felt. If they were not feeling right for me, she would suggest an alternate pair I could test out. This continued until I finally found a pair that fit me perfectly.

For my learning centre, I plan on having a poster board containing a title, some facts, and a timeline of my training. I will also have my numbers from Up the Creek and the Vancouver Sun Run, along with photos of me. I will have some sort of sheet, possibly something resembling an infographic, talking about finding the right shoe and about the different training zones.

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